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Area Deprivation Index Datasets

View the Area Deprivation Index
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About the Area Deprivation Index

The area deprivation index represents a geographic area-based measure of the socioeconomic deprivation experienced by a neighborhood.  Higher index values represent higher levels of deprivation. Higher levels of deprivation have been associated with an increased risk of adverse health and health care outcomes. The original index developed by Gopal Singh, PhD, MS, MSc used 17 different markers of socioeconomic status from the 1990 Census data. HIP has generated an updated index using 2000 census block group-level data and the original Singh coefficients from the 1990 data.  The index includes the following variables:

  • Percent of the population aged 25 and older with less than 9 years of education
  • Percent of the population aged 25 and older with at least a high school diploma
  • Percent employed persons aged 16 and older in white-collar occupations
  • Median family income in US dollars
  • Income disparity
  • Median home value in US dollars
  • Median gross rent in US dollars
  • Median monthly mortgage in US dollars
  • Percent of owner-occupied housing units
  • Percent of civilian labor force population aged 16 years and older who are unemployed
  • Percent of families below federal poverty level
  • Percent of the population below 150% of the federal poverty threshold
  • Percent of single-parent households with children less than 18 years of age
  • Percent of households without a motor vehicle
  • Percent of households without a telephone
  • Percent of occupied housing units without complete plumbing
  • Percent of households with more than 1 person per room

What does the toolkit contain?

The Area Deprivation Index toolkit contains the following:

  • A file that explains how to use the dataset
  • Datasets with Area Deprviation Index scores for a variety of U.S. Census data levels:
    • 9-digit zip codes (available in one large dataset or smaller state-specific datasets)
    • U.S. Census block group codes 

Who should use the Area Deprivation Index?

This area deprivation index is intended for researchers interested in evaluating the relationship between socioeconomic factors and health. Results could be utilized to inform policy development, provision of care, and allocation of resources. Health Innovation Program investigators have used these variables as risk adjusters and as important contextual factors, which have been shown to be predictive of health care quality and health outcomes.

Frequently asked questions about the Area Deprivation Index

Please see this page for frequently asked questions about the ADI, such as how to interpret the ADI values, methodology for their creation, and what datasets are planned for the future.

Funding

This project was supported by the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health’s Health Innovation Program (HIP). the Wisconsin Partnership Program, and the Community-Academic Partnerships core of the University of Wisconsin Institute for Clinical and Translational Research (UW ICTR), grant 9 U54 TR000021 from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (previously grant 1 UL1 RR025011 from the National Center for Research Resources). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health or other funders.

Citation: Health Innovation Program. Area Deprivation Index. UW Health Innovation Program; 2014. Available at: http://www.hipxchange.org/ADI  

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